First of all, I would like to extend a warm wele to you all for your visit to Taishan.
I hope you can have a good time during your stay in taishan. I hope you can enjoy a great harvest and leave a good memory.
Taishan, known as daizong, is located in the east of shandong province, east of the great plain of north China, with an area of 426 square kilometers and an elevation of 1545 meters, with a azimuth of longitude 117 degrees and six points, and latitude 36 degrees 16. Taishan is magnificent, has a long history and numerous cultural relics, and is renowned for its reputation as "wuyue". Taishan mountain is like a national monument standing in China, attracting worldwide attention.
In xx, Taishan was listed as the first batch of national key scenic area, under the state council in xx, UNESCO world natural and cultural heritage, in xx named the national tourist resort 40 +. Tai shan still protects the better ancient buildings in 22 places, the total construction area of more than 140,000 square meters. Among the ancient buildings, there are 12 stone blocks, six stone Bridges, seven stone pavilions, a copper pavilion and one tower. There are more than 2, 200 stone tablets, which are known as "the museum of Chinas moya carved stone", which is the earliest stone carved by the Chinese monument. There are valuable han dynasty chang, heng and Mrs. Jin. The northern qi, which is known as the "ancestor of the great word" and "zong of the list", is carved stone. The tang xuanzong with the world of great view of the world, "the ji taishan Ming > > and the tang dynasty double beams." It is known as the "living world natural heritage". Taishan fomous trees more than one hundred, more than one hundred strains, opzoon 6 strains, of which 2100 years ago, 1300 years ago Tang Huai, 500 years ago at people, 5 doctors, e loose and a 600 years ago has been hailed as a national treasure in the bonsai pines "small six dynasties". Taishan are famous for their grandeur, present a male, strange, risks, show, deep and remote, Mr, kuang, and many other beautiful image, 12 taishan scenic spot with famous mountains, cliff ridge, 78, 18, cave stone 58, valleys of article 12, 56, tam pool waterfall mountain spring 64, is the famous ying tan, the fan cliff, TianZhuFeng, peach blossom valley landscape such as 10 nature; There are 10 natural wonders such as sunrise, sunset glow, Yellow River and jade plate.
The sunrise of Taishan is an imaginary world, a magical world. The beauty of the sunrise is indescribable. Since ancient times, countless poets have vividly described the magnificent scenery of Taishan. In the song dynasty, the song dynasty, "Chen deng zhifeng, the sea yellow and the melting." The light of the wheel is gone. Rhyme is especially peoples love, in the morning before dawn, stood RiGuanFeng, lifted up his eyes, and the east, and the morning star fadeout, faint show, a sea of clouds rolling between heaven and earth, slightly hectares, a gleam of dawn through clouds illuminated the east, then by the grey sky bee yellow, then orange, purple, red and magnificent sunrise, like waves of the clouds, the sun, posed of series design of colorful, beautiful and colorful, the sun in the sun tingting nana rose from the clouds, the sun, due to the influence of the waves rolling revealing and flickering, disc gently and influenced by peaks and troughs propulsion when jumping up and down, gradually into a round shape, majestic, golden light, qunfeng do dye, the earth is bright.
When the sun was setting, the clouds were floating in the sky, and the sun was shining through the clouds. The sun is like a huge tracts, change from white to yellow, more and more big, the sky like satin brocade, until the sunset sink to the bottom of the cloud, diffused into a piece of red, the sky clouds, mountains like in bustion, day is red, the mountain is red, the cloud is red, the earth also is red. Looking up, the Yellow River is like a belt, winding zigzag from the sky, and in the sunset, the white ribbon of the Yellow River is ruddy, the light tumbling, giving the illusion of movement. "A yellow water like a belt, through the world through the Milky Way". The sun was slowly leaning toward the Yellow River, and the ribbons of the Yellow River were tied to the sun, dancing in the purple sky. The cloud of Taishan is capricious. After the rain, a lot of water vapor evaporation transpiration, together with the summer monsoon winds from the sea warm air, into the fog. Sometimes large clouds form a long belt around the mountainside, like a jade belt, and the mountains are clear. Sometimes the dark clouds rolled in, and there was a lot of upside down. Also sometimes baiyun tile, such as the earth spread flocculant, valley pile of snow, and clouds of white clouds, like thousands of tracts, diffuse light over chung, arrangement, like calm as the mighty ocean, and this is the famous "yun tracts.
Bixia baoguang is another great spectacle of taishan. "Bao guang" monly known as "Buddha", and more appear in the azure clouds temple east, west, south gate, god azure clouds temple is located in the jade emperor peak before the bosom, the terrain is relatively dips, cloud and mist is relatively thicker and more stable, in the air behind, according to figures appear in the fog, ultraviolet in formation around the red color ring, shall unripe brightness, color ring appears red, orange, yellow, green, green, blue, violet seven color, sometimes there will be double loop, more beautiful and moving. Tourists standing in front of the fog, the shadow of the halo dancing in the air, the feeling of flying into a fairy.
Taishan in the winter, the temperature in - 20 degrees Celsius, the temperature warmed up, after that the weather is fine continental air down slightly, the southern warm air masses of fog mountain, breeze blowing, floating cloud droplets hit a tree, rock, roof, condense into ice crystals, the layer cascade folds, formed "thousand branch Joan jade", "Wan Shuhua" the rime of wonders. Taishan has bee a world of white and silver, like the palace of the dragon palace.
In the winter of Taishan, there are often cooling raindrops, falling to the ground and objects, and rapidly forming a hard, slippery and transparent ice, which is "sleet". Every time the rain rime es, the mountains are like ice crystal hanging upside down, the ground rocks like a bright mirror, Taishan bees the "glass world" of ice sculpture. After the rain, the sky clear, the red sun yingfeng, the blue sky lined with xiashan, the brilliance of the shining, the golden light, the mountains, the snow, the white snow everywhere, all the white, the cool jade of the northern scenery.
Taishan district unique natural environment and long history culture breeding has produced various li shan xiushui and cultural attractions, vividly recorded the historical development of our Chinese nation civilization chapter. Modern archaeological research has revealed that there was already a trace of human activity around Taishan during the paleolithic period, 50, 000 years ago. A lot of historical records also recorded that taishan area has shown the dawn of civilization early in the matriarchal clan society stage. In the neolithic age of 5,000 years ago, the culture of dawenkou culture and the longshan culture in the northern foothill affected not only shandong, but also the vast areas of the middle and lower reaches of the Yellow River. During the spring and autumn period and the warring states period, the "state of qilu" was one of the most politically, economically and culturally advanced regions in the history of China, which produced famous historical and cultural figures such as Confucius and mencius. History tells us that taishan mountain has been an important birthplace of Oriental culture since ancient times, and taishan has bee the first famous mountain in China since the pre-qin period.
Taishan is not very high in actual altitude, and is inferior to hengshan and huashan in the five mountains, and only occupies the third place. pared with many mountains in the country, it cant be looked at. But why did it bee a famous "five yue" and "wuyue duzong" in ancient times? Its about the geography of Taishan and the primitive religion.
Taishan rise in the east of north China plain, over plains of qilu, wide sea in the east, the west has a long history of the Yellow River, the south has graduated, see, the water of huai, plains, hills and relative elevation 1300 meters, form sharp contrast, thus stands tall on the vision; The sense of playing and "the small mountain of a glance". The mountains stretch over 100 kilometers and lie 426 square kilometers. Its foundation is wide and stable, its form is large and concentrated, and it has a great sense of feeling. The so-called "steady mountain" and "heavy" is the reflection of its natural characteristics in peoples physiology and psychology.
From ancient times to this day, people have always regarded Taishan as a tall, beautiful, noble, and firm image, with warm praise. In the second century b.c., sima qian wrote in his book > > : "man is mortal, or is heavier than Taishan, or lighter than the feather." Chairman MAO once ed sima qians words to teach people that "to die for the benefit of the people is heavier than Taishan". This practice, which is closely related to the meaning and outlook of life, played a big role in the people of education.
Six dynasties as the >, qin and han dynasties, the folk legend of pangus (ancient beginning, all things of god) death e to dongyue, left arm of nanyue, right arm as beiyue, sufficient for the west. The head of pangus corpse turned to the east, and it became the east yue, and Taishan became the first of the five mountains. This is obviously based on the myth of >, and the historical background of Taishans monism.
The east is the place where the sun rises, and the ancients regarded it as the place where everything alternates and the early spring takes place. Therefore, the east became the source of life, the symbol of hope and auspiciousness. And ancient ancestors and majestic peculiar dongyue often regarded as gods, the gods as object to worship, pray for the good so, Taishan is located in the east - the borne to pull a behemoth has bee "by" everything is "auspicious mountain", "home of the gods". The emperor, by destiny, saw Taishan as a symbol of national unity and power. In order to thank god for the grace of the emperor, he will also go to Taishan to worship god. During the shang and zhou dynasties, king of shang dynasty built dongdu at the foot of Taishan, and zhou tianzi built qilu with Taishan. Legend in the qin and han dynasties ago, 72 to the Kings of the taishan god, after emperor qin, qin ii, the emperor, han GuangWuDi its chapter, han emperor, han, sui wendi, the emperor, wu zetian, tang dynasty, tang emperor song zhenzong, the qing emperor kangxi and qianlong heels the ancient emperors to taishan I send offerings, sharpening JiGong. Emperors used taishan to consolidate their reign, so that the sacred status of taishan was carried to the point of no return.
With the worship of emperors in the past dynasties, Taishan became an important place for various religious activities. In the early period of the warring states period, huangboyang was built in the mountains, and later generations of famous Taoist celebrities have been preaching and constructing temples in tai shan. Buddhism began in the eastern jin dynasty, and was also developed in tai shan.
Taishan attracts a large number of cultural celebrities, and the poets of the past dynasties e in great Numbers. They are a great success in reading and writing, leaving a rich cultural heritage. Confucius, guanzhong, sima qian, zhang heng, zhuge liang, liu yuxis, li bai, du fu, and su dongpo, ouyang xiu, fan zhongyan, wang shizhen, yao nai, guo moruo scrawled JiShu, left a vast adais poems, the visitors from the mountain god worship to sightseeing, the new direction of aesthetic knowledge. From the foot of the mountain, to the top of Taishan, there are more than 1,000 stone carvings, from the qin to qing dynasties. The color, style meaning every generation is different, its scale, work, time of continuity, genre and style, exquisite art, construct the clever are world famous mountains of unparalleled scene. The high feeling of the ancient Chinese and the magnificent and magnificent Taishan are integrated together, fully reflecting the spirit of the Chinese nations unremitting self-improvement.
In taishan in thousands of years of civilization, the working people have created a series of brilliant cultural landscape and the bination of tall, magnificent natural landscape, formed the image of a noble Taishan, Taishan constitute the unique scenery landscape. The layout and creation of the cultural landscape are designed according to the natural landscape, especially the characteristics of the terrain and the needs of the zen, sightseeing and viewing activities. The most representative is the emperors mantra, the peoples pilgrimage route. Its main body is to pull tongtian natural landscape, the theme is sealing day zen thought content, the layout form is focused on the artemisia in the land of the mountain, the emperors yi dai to seal day the jade emperor peak form as long as more than 10 kilometers of hell - a triple space axis - heaven on earth. That is, the river nye bridge in southwest of the city to the mountain of Artemis (at the southeast side of tai an railway station) as "the land of the dead"; Tai an district is the world; Since the north of the city, the "tianfu" has been "tianfu", which has been up 6666.
The taian city is a result of the ancient emperors fete, the peoples pilgrimage to the mountains and the sightseeing and development. s dai temple are undoubtedly visitors choice of Thai city on the central axis of the main body, the central axis from south of the city gate, extends to the temple, and then into the mountain bends and leads to the "heaven", make not only mountains and cities, on the function and form in architectural space sequence. The sequence of its sequence according to the process of mountain sacrifice is carried out, which runs through a process of "peoples environment" to "fairyland". From the topography, it is from the gentle slope, the slope until the steep slope, the people from low to high, rising, and finally like the landing of the heaven; From the scale of the building, it is the imperial palace of the world to reach the sky, into the fairyland; From the tone, the red wall huangwa has always contrasted with the pines. Through three mile a flagpole, five miles a memorial arch, a door, two doors (zhongtian gate), three doors (worse), triple rhythm, constituted a day, step by step the spectacular sequence.
The most outstanding characteristic of taishan ancient architecture is the use of the geographical environment, which is to strengthen and beautify the natural environment by artificial force. Firstly, in the selection of the sequence space position of the fete sacrificial activities, taking full advantage of the south slope of Taishanshan is gradually precipitating, resulting in the artistic conception of "ladder". This way along the stream, the person in the valley, is the "closed type" natural landscape, the lower segment is tightly contractive, until the daiding is open. The foreplay is long and the contrast is very strong, for the activity of "worship day", the psychological state that causes the environmental inducement, if the step by step, the cliffhanger. The door of the south heaven suddenly opened up, like a fairy. Therefore, such a geographical environment is the masterpiece of the religious sacrificial space sequence. Second, the location choice of single or group under construction and the creation of structures, have built across the way portal construction, have a climbing turn with the guidance of building, facing the creek and reward JingJianZhu, mid-levels suspension religious buildings, there are towering mountain of buildings, etc. Thirdly, from the construction of the structure, materials, decoration and garden space as the basic unit of group position, are able to meet the requirements of terrain environment variable, this pavilion pavilion of building construction, set the cabi of a cabi; Should open wide area namely the modelling is light, need to shrink the space place is solid massiness, fully reflect because of the scene and set, because of the environment and the building thought that is born.
Taishan main preserved ancient architecture is the style of the Ming and qing dynasties, it is not only the value of building the painting, sculpture, rocks, trees, bee the exle of ancient Chinese culture, preserve a huge I sacrifice sequence and a three-dimensional painting recorded history, but also left for us to keep up with the architecture model of natural by its unique artistic image to coordinate and strengthen the natural beauty, to performance and deepen the natural environment. Because of them, to make the natural landscape and human landscape set each other off of the Taishan is unripe brightness, make strict excessively day to taishan go deep into the heart of hundreds of millions of Chinese people, and famous in the world, bee a whole a kind of precious heritage.
Climb Taishan, three roads from ancient times. It was destroyed in the original east road, the original road naturally became now east road, visitors at taian station after the train, can swim first dai temple, and then from dai temple back door to the temple, walking through zhongtian gate to the worse, or walking to transfer to the cable car to the worse after zhongtian gate, along the Yin again by the azure clouds temple on Taishan is the utmost. If walk road (the original west road), from taian station to get off, can take tour bus along the mountains roads by ying tan, zhulin temple direct zhongtian gate, then to tianmen take the cable car or walk to the worse, until the Yin DaiDing again. If you go west, you will need to take a tour bus from tai an railway station to the intersection of tai an and jinan
Im Liu Xueqi, a tour guide from Beijing Tiantan. You can call me Liu dao. Today, I will acpany you to visit Tiantan in Beijing.
What we see now is Tiantan. Tiantan is the two dynasties of Ming and Qing emperor worship, prayer harvest places, is the largest one of the temples of Tiantan building, 1700 meters from east to west, 1600 meters long from north to south. The total area of 2 million 730 thousand square meters, and the altar wall and the altar wall, the north is round, the south is square, a symbol of "tianyuandifang".
Now, please follow me. Here is the temple, it is 38.2 meters high, 24.2 meters in diameter, facing south, the entire hall is a wood, which has carved dragon four on behalf of the spring and summer, autumn and winter four seasons. The rest represent twelve months and twelve hours.
Go is the echo wall, ground brick using a city wall, the wall covered with blue glazed tiles. The echo wall has the unusual echo effect, a person close to the wall to speak to the other end, a two hundred meters, the other is clearly heard, Trolltech, mysterious atmosphere create a kind of "telepathy between heaven and man". Lets try it.
Please note the back wall of the periphery, it is more than 500 year old cypress tree trunk is very strange because of the texture, like nine dragons twining play, so it is called the nine. We can have a photo taken with him.
Fellow tourists, the one-day tour of Tiantan in Beijing will be over soon. Do you have a good time? I hope to have a chance to guide you as soon as possible.
ment: this guide word prominent charact